The female reproductive system is the focus of the twin disciplines of gynecology and obstetrics. Obstetrics focuses on pregnancy and the treatments and issues that accompany it, whereas gynecology deals with treating women who are not pregnant. Both the medical and surgical areas are included in gynecology Leesburg VA. Cancers, fibroids, and other gynecological conditions must be surgically removed, although many gynecological conditions require hormonal and other pharmaceutical therapy. A woman may experience several gynecological problems, and she needs to seek medical care if she has any concerns.
If you are suffering from symptoms of dysmenorrhea, you may be considering treatment options ranging from transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) units to hormonal birth control treatments. These treatments can help relieve your symptoms and often resolve the problem within a couple of months. In addition, there are other treatment options available, such as magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, and transdermal nitroglycerin.
The initial diagnosis of dysmenorrhea is often determined by pelvic ultrasound. This test can detect abnormalities, such as endometrial growths or a Mullerian anomaly. Doctors may also perform a laparoscopy or ultrasound to see the internal organs for more advanced diagnoses. Some women may also experience heavy bleeding during their menstrual cycles.
Women who experience retrograde menstruation are at higher risk for endometriosis. Retrograde menstruation is when the flow of menstrual blood backward through the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity causes the growth of endometrial cells. These cells then attach to the pelvic organs and begin to grow. In some women, endometrial cells also form in areas with a surgical scar.
Diagnosis of endometriosis begins with symptoms, such as heavy periods. Your Ob-Gyn may also ask about your past medical history, including any pregnancies. Family history may also indicate endometriosis in your family. Your doctor will likely perform a pelvic exam, including an ultrasound, to confirm the diagnosis. The physician may also order pelvic imaging, such as an MRI, to further map the endometrial tissue. Endometriosis can also be diagnosed through a laparoscopy, a minimally invasive surgical procedure.
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)
PCOD is a common gynecological problem that affects the ovaries. The ovaries are part of a woman’s reproductive system and are responsible for producing egg cells, progesterone, and androgen. PCOD disrupts the ovaries’ proper functioning, causing male hormones’ released. In addition to irregular periods, this condition may lead to acne and thinning of the scalp hair.
Symptoms of PCOD may include irregular menstrual cycles, weight gain, and increased risk of premature birth and miscarriage. However, PCOD is not fatal. It is treatable with the right diet plan and lifestyle modifications. In addition to managing symptoms, it can lead to other health problems, such as Type 2 diabetes and obesity. Women suffering from PCOS also have a greater risk of developing preeclampsia, a dangerous pregnancy complication.
A woman’s pelvic floor is particularly vulnerable to urinary incontinence, and discussing this problem with her doctor can be very embarrassing. Fortunately, gynecologists are well-equipped to address this problem. They are well-versed in treating women with all sorts of sexual health concerns. They also have a wealth of experience assessing women’s pelvic floor problems.
Urgency incontinence occurs when you feel a sudden urge to urinate and is accompanied by frequent urination—stress incontinence results when your bladder muscles contract excessively and release urine before the bladder is full. Functional incontinence is caused by a physical condition such as diabetes, which increases the risk of urinary incontinence.